Monday, 14 March 2022

How did Alzheimer find out the change in his patient's brain? - Part 1 - Alzheimer's 3

As you might know that Alzheimer's disease is the kind of dementia that has specific:

- signs

- and symptoms.

Fig 01- Nissl-stained in the brain tissue
(Picture from Neuroscience, Purves, et al)

Based on clinical research a patient who has dementia with Alzheimer's disease, in their brain has accumulation of:

- neurofibrillary tangles
- and amyloid plaques.

This disease got the name after a Germany physician and clinical psychiatrist, and also conducted some research related to brain disorders, Dr Alois Alzheimer.

Fig 02- Hit by car, just for illustration

Fig 03- Wild flower, illustration

Fig 04 – Just for fun

Fig 05- Decorative wood

Dr. Alzheimer was excited about working in the laboratory.

Franz Nissl who discovered a special staining technique became Dr. Alzheimer coworker and then also taught him about staining.

As we know at that time staining in the lab would helped the scientists to discover new finding in the organelles of the human body.

He worked with Nissl for couple years before Nissl moved out for better facility in his research.

However, they kept in touch being the best friend forever.

# To be continued to Part 2

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Tuesday, 8 March 2022

Corned Beef Harsh - The Popular Breakfast in Louisiana – Part 2 – Food 11

You may read the previous post (Part 1):

- Corned Beef Harsh - The Popular Breakfast in Louisiana – Part 1 – Food 11

Fig 01- Canned corned beef harsh, sold in Walmart

The menu originally came from France to America. Based on googling, the menu is quite popular in the countries such as:

- Britain
- Philippine
- Ireland

Certain section of beef such as brisket (sometimes with navel and muscles) was chopped, usually small rectangular forms.

The diced meats are soaked in a flavor for several days.

Fig 02- Daffodil at backyard, illustration

The corned beef then mixed with chopped of:

- potatoes
- cooked carrot
- onions
- bell peppers
- garlic scallions
- and other spices.

Fig 03- Coffee shop at our city

Then, ready to be cooked, not take long to cook. It is simple breakfast or lunch or dinner in many states across America.

However, in New Orleans, Louisiana, corned beef harsh is very popular menu for breakfast.

There are many restaurants provide corned beef harsh for breakfast. In my town, Baton Rouge, I can find more than 5 restaurants sell this meal.

Corned beef harsh or alternative menu such as smoked slab cost for US$ 10.00. Additional cost if you add eggs or desserts.

Have you tried corned beef harsh?

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Wednesday, 2 March 2022

Lord of the Ducks in the Garden – Part 1 – Nature 18

We have several parks and gardens, and we often visit what we call as LSU lakes park since the lakes have good views.

However, we are just aware recently that there is written and mural of small monument of Lord of the Ducks in the park.

Fig 01- A kind of monument for Lord of the Ducks

The park is one of the Parks which is administered by Baton Rouge municipal. It locates in the Dalrymple Dr, Baton Rouge, Louisiana.

There are plenty of ducks and geese in the lakes park.

At the weekend, visitors may come from nearby towns and counties of Louisiana.

Children love to feed ducks and geese, since these critters come around while walking.

Fig 02- Ducks and geese

Fig 03- A lonely duck

Fig 04- Two ducks swimming in dirty part of lake

Kids feed ducks with bread, then ducks fly to come closer. Enjoy and fun to see those ducks.

Some people find good spots such as by sitting under the big trees, they enjoy and feel relax to feed ducks and geese (Canadian geese). Sound like close to nature.

Quite wonder for me that flock of ducks and geese are found especially in the corner of lord of the duck’s monument.

I just guess, it may close to big trees and water. Those fowls feel secure for resting at middle of day

Other ducks are swimming in group on the lake. Look so beautiful.

# Previous postings:

Thursday, 24 February 2022

Biscotti and “The Blissful Feast” by Teresa Lust – Part 1 – Reading 9

Most countries in the world (worldwide) familiar to the Italian foods. We see how pizza and pasta take over the world.

Some Italian cuisines could be adapted from his foreign countries in the past or long long time ago.

Fig 01- Biscotti for breakfast

However, Italian people created the gourmets with their imagination so that their taste and creations became their own signatures.

The world loves the creativity and the simplicity of Italian foods, no wonder in some places Italian cuisines have been adjusted and re-created with local tastes.

Many modifications of Italian foods around the worlds, just few of them are:

- pizzas
- and pastas

Fig 02- Baby tree, illustration only

Fig 03- Just for illustration

Fig 04- A Blissful Feast by Teresa Lust.

Indeed, Italian cuisines also have flexibility in ingredient compositions and serving.

Now, hazelnut paste that originally from Italy (Piedmont) can be found anywhere.

We are familiar with the hazelnut butter spread, Nutella.

Italian alba truffle from Piedmont is a kind of a luxury truffle for some people in some places.

Biscotti is also familiar around here. In the coffee shops we can find biscotti along the other cookies and pastries for breakfast.

# To be continued to Part 2

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Friday, 18 February 2022

Reducing Number of Amazon River Pink Dolphin? - Part 2 – Nature 17

You may read previous post (Part 1):

- Reducing Number of Amazon River Pink Dolphin? - Part 1 – Nature 17

Fig 01- The Amazon River pink dolphin (credit to Pintrest)

As we know previously, the death of pink dolphins very much due to these factors:

- poacher
- pollution
- river traffics that caused accidental dead.

Moreover, we may ask a question: why Amazon dolphins have a pink color?

The simple answer that their thin skin made blood vessels easily seen as a pink color.

Fig 02- A tree at backyard

Fig 03- Just for illustration

Fig 04- No cars yet at parking lots

Several very interesting facts about pink dolphins are following:

- while young, their colors are gray
- they get their pink color as they grow older
- males are pinker than females

They mainly eat freshwater fish which abundant in the rivers, in addition, this creature also eat:

- turtle
- crabs
- shrimps

Have you seen pink dolphin in nature or in the zoo?

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Saturday, 12 February 2022

Corned Beef Harsh - The Popular Breakfast in Louisiana – Part 1 – Food 11

We are in Louisiana face natural disasters almost every year. The disasters may include such as:
- storms (snowstorms, hurricanes, tornadoes)
- floods.

Fig 01- Corned beef harsh, credit to Danilo Alfaro

Natural disasters may lead to closing public facilities and services in our city and state such as:

- local government administration
- all parks
- libraries
- recreation centers or facilities
- public transportation
- trash and recycling collection
- groceries
- etc

Fig 02- Fruit, just for illustration

Relevant authorities suggest citizens to assemble supplies for natural disaster preparedness.

Fig 03- Illustration only

Some important supplies are:

- water
- foods (non perishable foods)
- Battery powered radio
- Flashlight, extra batteries
- First aid kit
- Infant formula and diapers
- Sleeping bags or warm blankets
- Fire extinguisher
- etc (whatever essential for you and family)

Fig 04- Canned tuna, sold in Walmart

Moreover, we never forget with canned foods. We love to have some canned foods such as:

- corned beef
- canned tuna
- canned sardines
- vegetable, especially corned and tomatoes

Corned beef is one of our favorite canned foods as well as Louisiana people, and one of favorite breakfast menus in Louisiana is corned beef harsh.

What is a corned beef harsh?

# To be continued to Part 2

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Tuesday, 1 February 2022

The Early Person who Diagnosed with Alzheimer’s Diseases - Part 2 – Alzheimer's 2

He found “dramatic brain shrinkage and abnormal deposits in and around nerve cells.”

Fig 01- Histopathology of Alzheimer's diseases
(Picture from Neuroscience, Purves, et al)

Brain shrinkage and the abnormal deposit in this day are called amyloid plaques and neurofibrillary tangles.

From the picture, the yellow color are neurofibrillary tangles, and brown dark are amyloid plaques.

Specifically, it is in the neocortex, amygdala, and brainstem

The causes of Alzheimer's Disease is not fully understand yet.

Fig 02- Hot sauce, illustration only

Fig 03- Pomegranate, just for illustration

There are three principle features could be detected in every person who severe with the Alzheimer's disease:

1) Collection of intra-neuronal cytoskeletal filaments or neurofibrillary tangles, also we know as aggregate tau protein in the brain.

- tau protein to maintain microtubules steadiness in axons.

2) extracellular deposit of an abnormal amyloid or amyloid plaques.

3) A diffuse loss of neurons.

- The accumulation of neurofibrillary tangles and amyloid plaques lead to death of neuron cells so that the brain became shrinkage.

# Previous postings:

Unidentified Bird at the Neighborhood – Nature 76

We just have a visitor, quite difficult to identify. Several friends have different opinions about the species of the bird. Image 1- A Finch...